Islam, real world religion proclaimed by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the seventh century CE. The Arabic expression islām, truly “surrender,” lights up the basic religious thought of Islam—that the devotee (called a Muslim, from the dynamic molecule of islām) acknowledges surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God). Allah is seen as the sole God—maker,
sustainer, and restorer of the world. The will of Allah, to which people must submit, is made known through the sacrosanct sacred writings, the Qurʾān (frequently spelled Koran in English), which Allah uncovered to his errand person, Muhammad. In Islam Muhammad is viewed as the remainder of a progression of prophets (counting Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Solomon, and Jesus), and his message all the while culminates and finishes the “disclosures” ascribed to prior prophets.